Category: Analyses

OpenStreetMap in Germany (2007-2011)

Due to some requests by some German OpenStreetMap contributors, here a German blogpost about the results of the article: “The Street Network Evolution of Crowdsourced Maps: OpenStreetMap in Germany 2007–2011.” By Pascal Neis, Dennis Zielstra & Alexander Zipf. 2012. Future Internet 4, no. 1: 1-21. (doi:10.3390/fi4010001) Link:

Bemerkung: Im Folgenden sind ausgewählte Ergebnisse und Diagramme aus dem englischen Artikel dargestellt/zusammengefasst. Bei weiterem Interesse bitte das Original Journal Paper lesen. Es beinhaltet bei weitem mehr Informationen und Abbildungen!

Das OpenStreetMap (OSM) Projekt ist das bekannteste Projekt im Bereich Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI). Weltweit beteiligen sich mehrere hundert tausend Mitglieder um Informationen für eine „freie“ Geodatenbank zu sammeln. Der Zuwachs der Daten ist weltweit recht heterogen, Deutschland zählt aber global zu eine der aktivsten Länder und die Anzahl der Projektbeteiligten steigt von Jahr zu Jahr. Aktuell (Juni 2011) haben insgesamt mehr als 40000 unterschiedliche Mitglieder zum Deutschland Datensatz beigetragen. Wie in der folgenden Abbildung zu sehen, haben unterschiedliche Mengen von Mitgliedern, die drei OSM Objektarten (Node, Way & Relation) in Deutschland erzeugt. Eine weitere wichtige Information ist in der Abbildung ebenfalls zu sehen: 98% der Punkte wurden von ca. 8500 Mitgliedern, 98% der Linien von ca. 7500 und 98% der Relations auf ca. 2600 Mitglieder generiert (wenn man den letzten Eigentümer als Ersteller bewertet).

OSM Routing View Worldwide 2011-11

Really great news for all our non-European Mappers: Since last month, the OSM Routing View is available for the whole world. You can read more in Frederik’s blog post. Yesterday he sent me the latest results of the view and I did some analysis with it. To all new readers: you can find more information about the OSM Inspector (OSMI) here. The Routing View within the OSMI “shows problems in the data, related to routing and navigation” (direct link).

However, here are the new *worldwide* stats for November 2011: we have a total of about 1,3 Mio errors. We can divide them into the following groups:

  • Unconnected 1 meter: 248000
  • Unconnected 2 meter: 62000
  • Unconnected 5 meter: 170000
  • Duplicate (number of duplicate segments): 833000

The following diagram shows the amount of errors per continent:

In the following charts you can see the amount of errors separated by country and the amount of errors in detail per country for “Europe”:

Updated Status for Unmapped Places

The last unmapped places analysis for OpenStreetMap that I conducted is nearly eight months ago. So I figured it was about time to create a new one. You can read in the last blog post how my algorithm exactly works.

However, at the moment (Nov. 4th. 2011) we have (according to the Geofabrik extract) about 597 000 entries in OSM for places that are located within “Europe“. This means we have an overall increase of about 90 000 places within the past eight months. We can separate them into several types with different values:

  • City: 1093 (as of March 11th, 2011 it was 1055 ; +3.6%)
  • Town: 16213 (as of March 11th, 2011 it was 16106 ; +0.7%)
  • Suburb: 29642 (as of March 11th, 2011 it was 24913 ; +19.0%)
  • Village: 301638 (as of March 11th, 2011 it was 278691 ; +8.2%)
  • Hamlet: 238717 (as of March 11th, 2011 it was 184326 ; 29.5%)
  • Isolated dwelling: 9064 (new in my stats)

New OSM stats webpage

Last weekend I discovered that two guys created a new statistic webpage for the OpenStreetMap project. Both guys did a really nice job! You can find a bunch of information about OSM members, nodes, ways and relations (1) on their webpage. In particular you can find sums of registered or active OSM members or amounts of OSM nodes, ways and relations and their daily activity (2). Further, for most of the information, you can find weekly, monthly and yearly graphs (with tooltips!)(3). The stats are created every night.

Personally, I like the graph of the “daily active members”. Did you know that in the majority of cases more relations have been modified then created? You can see this in the relations “daily created/modified/deleted” graph.

I’m sure you will find some other interesting trends. Notice: It seems that they started this site at the beginning of October 2011, thus most of the information is only available starting at this particular date. Up to now I only knew of the “official” stats webpage here. However, a really big thanks to the “lost” guys (aka Santos & El Loco) … 🙂

The OpenStreetMap Evolution of Austria (2007-2011)

Currently I am working on a research paper about the OpenStreetMap evolution of Germany. For the last AGIT conference in Salzburg and the upcoming State of the Map Europe (SotM-EU) conference in Vienna I did a similar analysis about the OpenStreetMap Evolution of Austria. You can see the results in the following posters in English and German:

The OpenStreetMap Evolution of Austria (2007–2011)

The OpenStreetMap Evolution of Austria (2007–2011)

Die OpenStreetMap Entwicklung in Österreich (2007–2011)

Die OpenStreetMap Entwicklung in Österreich (2007–2011)

A further nice visualization of the OpenStreetMap data in Austria for the year 2010, can be found in a blog post by Max Kossatz.

Routing View Europe 2011-05

First of all, sorry that I did not create a new stat regarding the Routing View past month. To all the new readers: Usually I create an analysis about the Routing View of the OpenStreetMap Inspector for each month for Europe. You can find more information about the OSM Inspector (OSMI) here. The Routing View within the OSMI “shows problems in the data related to routing and navigation”. You can read more about it here … A direkt link to the OSMI Routing View is here!

However, here are the new stats for May, 2011: we have a total of about 124000 “Unconnected Roads” and about 108000 “Duplicate Ways” (number of duplicate segments). Overall this means that we have about 17000 *new* „Unconnected Roads” errors and only ca. 1300 “Duplicate Ways” have been fixed in Europe. For the past three months we have an increment of about 2850000 new OSM way segments for routing. (May 7th: 34500000, February 20th: 31700000, January 20th: 30600000)

Edit Stats for OSM Japan

Kate created some editing stats for OpenStreetMap Japan last Thursday. You can find her blog post here: “Quick Japan Editing Stats for OpenStreetMap”

During the creation of the layers for the “Road Status in Japan”, I log some editing information of OpenStreetMap too. As I mentioned in my blog post, I use the Geofabrik extracts for Japan (Sendai region only). They have the following bounding box (thx Frederik):

1.412259E+02 3.663895E+01
1.427964E+02 4.038643E+01
1.411296E+02 4.038351E+01
1.394639E+02 3.665750E+01
1.412259E+02 3.663895E+01

And here are several diagrams of the editing in Japan (Sendai region only):

In numbers (March 20th, 2011 12:50):

  • Overall amount of OSM Nodes: 5138123
  • Overall amount of OSM Ways: 149978
  • Overall amount of Highways: 47156
  • Number of Barrier Nodes: 528
  • Impassable Ways: 463
  • Number of Users (Contributors): 308
  • Length of OSM Ways [km]: 29049,71
  • Length of impassable Ways [km]: 222,58

The Return of “Unmapped Places in OSM EU”

My last blog post about “Unmapped Places in Europe” was read by more then 800 people. So I think it’s time to redo the analyses a second time after three months. At the moment (March 11th, 2011) we have (according to the Geofabrik extract) 505091 places in OpenStreetmap Europe. They can be separated into the following place-types:

  • city=1055 (as of Dec. 5th, 2010 it was 1045 -> +1%)
  • town=16106 (as of Dec. 5th, 2010 it was 16032 -> +0.5%)
  • suburb=24913 (as of Dec. 5th, 2010 it was 23563 -> +6%)
  • village=278691 (as of Dec. 5th, 2010 it was 271147 -> +3%)
  • hamlet=184326 (as of Dec. 5th, 2010 it was 165804 -> +11%)

During my last and also during this analysis I *only* used those places that had a corresponding “village”-value. My tool works so far as followed:

  1. Get only places with a village-tag.
  2. Search nearby (ca. 600m distance) for a street with one of the following highway-types: residential, service, living_street, cycleway, footway, pedestrian, steps or platform.